By Joseph White

(Reuters) -AutoNation Inc and other brick-and-mortar auto dealerships in the United States turned shortages of new and used vehicles to profitable advantage in the first quarter, but investors sold the No. 1 U.S. auto retailer’s shares Thursday despite stronger than expected results.

AutoNation reported adjusted diluted earnings per share of $5.78, beating estimates of $5.25 per share, according to Refinitiv IBES data. Robust demand for used vehicles and sharply higher profit margins on new vehicle sales lifted profits. Yet AutoNation shares fell in early trading, after initially rising by 4.6% to $110.70 in premarket trading.

AutoNation and Lithia Motors, two of the largest U.S. auto dealership chains with hundreds of stores each, both outperformed investor expectations in the January to March period. Online used car retailer Carvana, however, on Wednesday reported a wider loss than analysts had forecast and its shares fell before the market open.

Rising interest rates, high gas prices and broader inflation in the U.S. economy are putting pressure on consumers. But AutoNation Chief Executive Mike Manley told Reuters consumer interest in buying used and new vehicles remains strong.

“We haven’t seen any drop-off in our inquiry levels,” Manley said. “They are up year over year. The industry is at a level where there is more demand” than supply of vehicles.

Lithia Chief Financial Officer Tina Miller also told Reuters “demand has continued to outpace supply” even as vehicle prices have risen, pushing average monthly payments to about $450 from the roughly $300 level before the pandemic.

Lithia on Wednesday reported it doubled its first quarter net income compared to a year earlier as revenue rose by 54%.

AutoNation said its average gross profit on new vehicles it sold more than doubled in the first quarter compared to a year earlier, rising to $6,112.

AutoNation’s sales of used vehicles rose by 47%, but average gross profit on used vehicles sales fell by 10%.

Manley said the company became concerned about pricing and sales trends for certain used vehicles during the quarter, and moved to clear out inventory. “We started to use the data we had available to us. We corrected very aggressively in the quarter,” Manley said.

AutoNation, Lithia and other U.S. auto dealerships built on traditional showrooms are rapidly building the capability to sell and finance vehicles online, while expanding highly profitable repair operations that online dealers such as Carvana do not have. AutoNation reported 45.9% gross profit margins on parts and service during the first quarter. Revenue for service rose $1 billion, up 18% from last year.

AutoNation’s net income was $362.1 million, or $5.78 per share, for the quarter ended March 31, compared with $239.4 million, or $2.85 per share, a year earlier.

Revenue rose 14.4% to $6.75 billion, above estimates of $6.48 billion.

(Reporting by Ashwini Raj in Bengaluru and Joseph White; Editing by Amy Caren Daniel and Tomasz Janowski)