By Katanga Johnson and Tommy Wilkes

WASHINGTON/LONDON (Reuters) – Global equities wavered between modest gains and losses on Friday in thin trading but were set to post double-digit gains for the year.

Oil prices, meanwhile, retreated from $80 a barrel but still saw their biggest annual rise since 2009.

The U.S. dollar, which has had its best year since 2015 with a 6.7% rise, dipped against most major currencies.

With several markets in Asia and Europe closed on Friday, trading volumes were thin and most markets directionless.

The MSCI World Index was trading 0.07% higher. The index has surged 17% in 2021, its third consecutive year of double-digit gains.

A growing number of countries are reporting record high daily cases of COVID-19 because of the Omicron variant, and New Year’s Eve celebrations were being scaled back or cancelled.

While analysts say the U.S. economy has proven resilient in the face of pandemic-related challenges, many expect the global economy will still expand at a well-above-trend pace even if these risks are realized.

After initially tumbling in December, world stocks have recovered over the holiday period as investors became reassured economies could handle the surge in Omicron cases, and are heading back towards record highs.

“As far as COVID is concerned, for now, market participants may stay willing to add to their risk exposures, and perhaps push equity indices to new highs, as several nations around the globe held off from imposing fresh lockdowns, despite record infections around the globe the last few days,” said Charalambos Pissouros, head of research at Cyprus-based brokerage JFD Group.

Investors have held on expectations for resilience in the global recovery into 2022 and the prospect of further gains if money remains cheap and corporate profitability high.

This year’s “everything rally” has seen a wall of cheap central bank cash, government stimulus and strong economic rebounds out of the pandemic make it hard not to profit from soaring asset prices.

U.S. stocks have powered the global rally as record-breaking earnings figures from Big Tech companies excited investors. This week the S&P 500 hit another record high.

Commodity prices have enjoyed a strong year too, with supply often falling short of a jump in demand as economies reopened.

On the last day of the year, Brent crude last traded down 0.82%, at $78.88 a barrel. U.S. crude was last down 1% at $76.22 per barrel.

But both Brent and WTI are up more than 50% in 2021, spurred by the global economic recovery and producer restraint.

Global oil prices are expected to rise further next year as jet fuel demand catches up.

Graphic: Global asset market performance in 2021-

China’s factory activity unexpectedly accelerated in December, but only by a slim margin, an official survey showed, with analysts foreseeing more economic headwinds in the near term.

Chinese shares, one of the few Asian markets open on Friday, closed higher, ending a tough year on a high. The blue-chip CSI300 index has lost 5.2% this year, its worst annual performance in three years.


The euro, which has dropped 7.4% this year as investors bet the European Central Bank would be slower to end pandemic-era stimulus than rival central banks, rose 0.1% to hold above $1.13.

Japan’s yen, which has lost more than 11% to the dollar in 2021, dipped to 115.1 yen per dollar, not far off four-year lows touched this month.

The euro was last up 0.29%, while Europe’s broad FTSEurofirst 300 index was down 0.21%.

The British pound remains down for the year against the dollar but looks set for its best year since 2014 versus the euro. On Friday it rose to as high as 83.69 pence, its strongest since February 2020.

Elsewhere in currency markets, Turkey’s lira – by far the biggest currency loser in 2021 – fell for a fifth straight day.

This week’s falls have eroded the big gains the lira made a week earlier. Investors are concerned about the country’s unorthodox monetary policy and rising inflation, and fear President Tayyip Erdogan’s plan to defend lira deposits unveiled this month will not work.

Government bond markets were mostly closed.

(Reporting by Katanga Johnson in Washington and Tommy Wilkes in London; editing by Timothy Heritage and Jason Neely)